'미국 / 캐나다'에 해당되는 글 2건

  1. 2011.08.07 santiago de compostela spain
  2. 2011.08.07 Bavaria travel pictures - Nuremberg the Bavarian Alps and Beyond

Located in Northern Spain, Santiago de Compostela is renowned for being the end point of the Way of St. James (also known as the Camino de Santiago), the medieval pilgrimage route of the 9th century. Indeed, the Capital of Galicia is said to house the tomb of the Apostle Saint James and is therefore an important Catholic destination.

Despite the sometimes rainy weather in Santiago de Compostela, the city attracts 4.5 million visitors each year. Whether you are religious or not, the historic city of Santiago de Compostela has a lot to offer.

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

Ever wanted to know more about Santiago de Compostela? Let’s take a closer look at this holy Spanish city.

Main Sights

  • The city’s Old Town (Casco Antiguo): Included on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1985, the Old Town is the most beautiful part of Santiago de Compostela.
  • The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela (Catedral de Santiago de Compostela): Located in the city’s Old Town, this Roman Catholic cathedral is absolutely breath-taking. Built between 1075 and 1122, this impressive structure features numerous architectural wonders. Between the two Baroque-style towers, which respectively show a statue of St. James’ father and a statue of St. James’ mother, stands a statue of Saint James the Great, one of Jesus Christ’s apostles. The Eastern façade houses two portals: the Royal Door and the Holy Door. The latter only opens during Holy Years, when St. James day (July 25th) falls on a Sunday. You can discover this Spanish architectural masterpiece for free (admission to the museum is €5) and enjoy the views of the city from its roofs.
  • The Pilgrimage museum (El museo de las peregrinaciones): This museum is dedicated to the history of this pilgrimage route and explains the role played by the Camino in the development of the city through sculptures and iconographies.
  • The Galician Center of Contemporary Art (El Centro Gallego de Arte Contemporáneo): The Galician Center of Contemporary Art is a must-see attraction for every art lover. It houses exhibitions from national and international artists and even features a terrace that hosts open-air exhibitions so that you can enjoy art masterpieces while taking a glance at the panoramic view of the city’s Old Town.
  • The Plaza da Obradoiro: Located in the city’s Old Town, this square, which faces the Cathedral, hosts the Saint James’ Day celebrations as well as other interesting events, such as open-air concerts. The Plaza da Obradoiro, whose name literarily means “Work of Art”, is the largest square of Galicia.  
  • The Palace of Gelmírez (Palacio de Gelmírez): Built in the 12th century for the archbishop Gelmírez, this palace sits in front of the Cathedral and is a good example of Spanish Romanesque architecture.
  • The Hostel of the Catholic Monarchs (Hostal de los Reyes Católicos): Located next to the Santiago Cathedral, this impressive building was originally a hospice for pilgrims and poor people. It has now become a luxurious hotel that can be visited. Make sure to take a look at the breath-taking doorway, the Baroque-style patios and the chapel.
Cityscape of Santiago de Compostela

Cityscape of Santiago de Compostela

Walking to Santiago de Compostela: a closer look at the Pilgrimage routes

If you love hiking, walking to Santiago de Compostela can be an inexpensive way to spend your vacation. Taking one of the pilgrimage routes can become a wonderful experience and is a nice way to meet people and enjoy nature.

The Pilgrimage routes cover all of Europe with Santiago as the final destination. The main route is called Camino Francés (French Way) and starts from St. Jean Pied-de-Port, France. This route connects major cities such as Pamplona, Burgos and León. The whole route is 780 kilometers but lots of pilgrims walk smaller portions or start from a point closer to Santiago, depending on their physical condition. Along the way, many hostels welcome pilgrims at a very reasonable price (€3 to €30 per night).

Another popular route is the 825 km Northern or Coastal Route, the Camino del Norte, that takes pilgrims along Spain’s northern coast past San Sebastián, Bilbao, Santander, Gijón, and Avilés. There is also an option to divert at Oviedo and walk the Camino Primitivo, (the original route) and to reconnect with the Camino Francés at Melide. This route offers phenomenal sceneries and is much less crowded and quite a bit hillier than the Camino Francés.  It also has fewer pilgrims’ accommodations but offers a great wealth of monasteries and churches along the way.

The Via de la Plata takes pilgrims from Seville past Caceres, Salamanca  and Zomara and either connects with the Camino Francés further north or takes a more direct route west towards Santiago de Compostela. Either route has a length of about 1000 km, takes about six weeks to walk and features a good number of pilgrims’ hostels (refugios).

Many pilgrims start their journey even farther away in places such as Paris, Arles or Cluny and there is also a Portuguese route that starts in Porto. Every year thousands of people walk on the St. James Way, for personal or religious reasons. For many it is also a very unique travel experience that offers tough physical challenges amid stunning sceneries. Because of its plentiful opportunities for introspection on this long journey, many pilgrims regard their experience on the Camino as a life-changing event.

One of the typical signposts for the Camino de Santiago

One of the typical signposts for the Camino de Santiago

Useful Tips for pilgrims

Considered a cheap holiday by some people, the Pilgrimage can be hard if you don’t take the right equipment with you. Here are some tips that can be useful if you are thinking of walking to Santiago.

  • Your backpack should equal 10% or less of your body weight.
  • Take a good pair of shoes (waterproof hiking boots).
  • Take as little as possible. The more things you take, the more difficult it would be to walk long distances.
  • Don’t forget to bring sunscreen, sunglasses and a hat.
  • Take clothes that can dry easily.
  • Bring a Swiss army knife, a sleeping bag, mosquito spray, rain gear and a small flashlight.
  • Walk at your own pace.
Landscape along the Camino de Santiago

Landscape along the Camino de Santiago

With its interesting history and architecture, Santiago de Compostela has a lot to offer, even if you are not a pilgrim. The city, which is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List, is one of Spain’s must-see destinations and should not be missed.

Posted by ralfowen

댓글을 달아 주세요

Located in the southeast of Germany (see map of Bavaria), Bavaria (Bayern in German) is the largest state of Germany and one of the most popular German tourist destinations. Although renowned for its stereotypes (leather trousers, sausage-eating and beer-drinking), Bavaria has a lot more to offer to travellers. With its strong identity and breath-taking landscapes, this bundesland is definitely worth a visit.

Neuschwanstein Castle

Must-see destinations and Things to Do during your Holiday in Bavaria

  • Visiting Munich (München) during the Oktoberfest: As the capital of Bavaria, Munich is the most popular Bavarian destination. The city is renowned for hosting the world-famous Oktoberfest, a festival held each year from late September to early October which lasts for around 17 days. Attracting over 5 million people every year, this fair is one of the most popular events in the world. The Oktoberfest festival has long been part of Bavarian culture, as the first fair took place in 1810 to celebrate the wedding of Prince Ludwig and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen. The Oktoberfest is the perfect occasion to drink beer, sing and party with German locals dressed up in Bavarian costumes.
  • In addition to the excitement of Octoberfest, Munich holds many other attractions. The city is centered around two large squares: Karlsplatz and Marienplatz, an area that holds most of Munich’s must-see sights: the Neues Rathaus (New City Hall), the Frauenkirche (Church of Our lady) and, of course, the Hofbräuhaus, Europe’s most famous beer hall. Schwabing is a trendy neighbourhood with lots of cafes, restaurants and shops, and the Olympic Area dates back to the 1972 Summer Olympics.
The Frauenkirche in Munich

The Frauenkirche in Munich

  • Exploring the Bavarian Christmas markets: The Christmas season is one of the best times to visit Bavaria, as various wonderful Christmas markets are held in cities, towns and villages throughout the region. With their unique atmosphere, the Bavarian Christmas markets, held during the Advent period, feature food and drink as well as gift and decoration stalls. Enjoy the markets at night with their lights on and make sure to have some delicious mulled wine while eating some typical gingerbread and pretzels. The most famous Bavarian Christmas markets include Regensburg, Rothenburg, Nuremberg and Coburg markets.
  • Taking one of Bavaria’s tourist routes: Bavaria features a wide network of tourist routes that link the most beautiful sights of the state. The most famous is probably the Romantic Road (Romantische Straße), which goes all the way down from Würzburg to Füssen. The route is particularly renowned for its many castles, such as Neuschwanstein Castle (Schloss Neuschwanstein), one of King Ludwig’s castles. King Ludwig II (also called “Mad King Ludwig”) ordered the construction of many fancy castles in Bavaria, as he was inspired by the French Palais de Versailles and wanted to outdo the palace in both beauty and opulence. The Herrenchiemsee castle, built on an island located in the middle of Bavaria’s largest lake (Chiemsee) is supposed to be a replica of the Palace of Versailles. Another interesting tourist route is the German Alpine Road which will take you throughout the Bavarian Alps from West to East. You can also enjoy some canyoning in the Breitachklamm, one of Europe’s most beautiful gorges, or just relax in one of the numerous spa resorts.
  • Berchtesgaden is one of Bavaria’s most scenic destinations. This small town is nestled in  the mighty German Alps, surrounded on three sides by the Austrian border. Close-by Bad Reichenhall and Berchtesgaden itself are renowned for their salt mines. Those interested in history may want to visit what is left of Hitler’s summer retreat, the Berghof at Obersalzberg. Today this mountain holds a documentation centre with information in several languages.
Beautiful Berchtesgaden

Beautiful Berchtesgaden

  • In close proximity to Berchtesgaden is one of Bavaria’s most famous mountains, the Watzmann, and nearby you will find a picturesque glacial lake called Königssee. A bit further west is the famous mountain resort town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen which is nestled against the Zugspitze, at 2962 metres of altitude Germany’s highest mountain. When most people think of Bavaria, the picture-postcard perfect images of the Bavarian mountains usually come to mind. The Bavarian Alps offer amazing opportunities for skiing, hiking, mountaineering, paragliding and all sorts of other outdoor endeavours.
  • Discovering Bavarian breweries: If you like beer, Bavaria is definitely the place where you want to be. With around 600 breweries, Bavaria is famous for its beers. Bavarian beers can be of different types: light beer (Helles Bier), dark bear (Dunkles Bier), pilsner (Pils) or wheat beer (Weißbier). Most cities have their own breweries and provide visitors with special tours. Take a brewery walking tour and discover the brewing process while tasting some beer samples.

  • Exploring Bavarian UNESCO World Heritage Sites: A lot of Bavarian sites are included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Among them is the city of Bamberg, located in Upper Franconia and renowned for its stunning architecture. Popular attractions in Bamberg include the Cathedral, the Altenburg castle, the Neue Residenz Palace, the Old Palace (Alte Hofhaltung) and “Little Venice” (Klein-Venedig). Other UNESCO World Heritage Sites include stunning Old Town (Alstadt) of Regensburg and the Würzburg Residence (Würzburg Residenz), a beautiful palace.
Nuremberg Castle

Nuremberg Castle

  • Nuremberg (Nürnberg in German) is Bavaria’s second largest city. Its famous castle overlooks the city and the Old Town has a number of medieval-era sights, from the Heilig-Geist-Spital to the Hauptmarkt, renowned as the location for Nuremberg’s famous Christmas Market, to the Renaissance-era bridge called Fleischbrücke, a myriad of churches as well as the German National Museum and the German National Railway Museum. The Reich Party Rally Grounds hold a documentation centre. Nuremberg’s Underworld features a network of vaulted cellars and secret passageways that have been hewn into the sandstone rock of Nuremburg’s Castle Hill. The Albrecht Dürer House shows where this famous painter lived from 1509 to 1528.

  • Taking a cruise on the Danube: Taking a cruise on the Danube, Europe’s second largest river, can also be a nice way to discover Bavaria and even more. The river flows through some of Bavaria’s most popular destinations, such as Regensburg, Passau and Ulm. River cruises are organized by different companies and offer a stress-free vacation.
  • Camping in Bavaria: If you are more adventurous, however, you may want to experience some camping in Bavaria. Not only is this accommodation solution cheaper than many others, it is also a nice way to be in harmony with nature. Bavaria offers plenty of campsites with stunning views and affordable services.
Christmas markets in Bavaria

Christmas markets in Bavaria

Bavaria not only provides you with stunning landscapes and historic sites but also offers many diverse activities, both for the winter and the summer season. So get out and start to discover this amazing German gem.

Posted by ralfowen

댓글을 달아 주세요